Recommendations: Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT)
The general recommendations for medical nutrition therapy (MNT)1 are included on this slide Individuals who have prediabetes or diabetes should receive individualized MNT as needed to achieve treatment goals, preferably provided by a registered dietitian familiar with the components of diabetes MNT (A) Because it can result in cost savings and improved outcomes (B), MNT should be covered by insurance and other payers (E) Although numerous studies have attempted to identify the optimal mix of macronutrients for meal plans of people with diabetes, it is unlikely that one such combination of macronutrients exists; the best mix of carbohydrates, protein, and fat appears to vary depending on individual circumstances MNT is an integral component of diabetes prevention, management, and self-management education In addition to its role in preventing and controlling diabetes, ADA recognizes the importance of nutrition as an essential component of an overall healthy lifestyle A full review of the evidence regarding nutrition in preventing and controlling diabetes and its complications and additional nutrition-related recommendations can be found in the ADA position statement “Nutrition Recommendations and Interventions for Diabetes,”2 which is being updated as of 201353Reference American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes—2013. Diabetes Care 2013;36(suppl 1):S22-S23. Bantle JP, Wylie-Rosett J, Albright AL, et al.; American Diabetes Association. Nutrition recommendations and interventions for diabetes: a position statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 2008;31(suppl 1):S61-S78.