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Click to add/remove this article to your list of 'My Favorites' Prevention and Control of Type 2 Diabetes by Mediterranean Diet: A Systematic Review
July - 30 - 2010 

Adopting a Mediterranean diet may help prevent type 2 diabetes and may improve glycemic control and cardiovascular risk for those who already have diabetes, researchers have found.  Investigators reviewed 17 studies that assessed a Mediterranean diet's effect on type 2 diabetes.  Two large prospective studies report an 83 percent and 35 percent, respectively, lower risk of type 2 diabetes in healthy people or in post-infarct patients who had the highest adherence to a Mediterranean diet.  Five randomized controlled trials have compared a Mediterranean diet with other common diets on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes patients.  A Mediterranean diet showed greater improvement of fasting glucose and HbA1c levels, ranging from 7 to 40 mg/dl for fasting glucose, and from 0.1 to 0.6 percent for HbA1c.  None of the trials reported that a Mediterranean diet led to worsening of glycemic control.  Two controlled trials also demonstrated that post-infarct patients, including those with diabetes, saw cardiovascular benefits when adhering to a Mediterranean diet.

(c)Copyright 2010 Information, Inc.

The information contained in the article above does not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the American Diabetes Association.

Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice (08/01/2010) Vol. 89, No. 2, P. 97; Esposito, Katherine; Maiorinoa, Maria Ida; Ceriello, Antonio